Point of view is an important element of storytelling. The viewpoint narrator’s version of events shapes the reader’s own understanding and judgments. Read on for POV definitions and examples:
Narration means sharing written (or spoken) events in order. It conveys a story to your audience.
Find every article on narration in Now Novel’s archives here. Read about types of narration and narrators, points of view, using show don’t tell in your narrative writing, and more.
Learn about the parts of narration we often find in books (such as prologues and epilogues). You’ll learn how to narrate your story in a compelling, convincing way.
What are prologues and epilogues? What can we learn from prologue examples by Tolkien, G. R. R. Martin, Paula Hawkins and others? Learn more about these useful story elements.
There are many types of exposition in stories, in literature, film and other media. Exposition introduces your reader to important and intriguing details of your story – who, what, why, where and when. Read 9 exposition examples that show how to introduce characters, settings and scenarios memorably:
‘Story exposition’ is often described as background, the necessary part to include so that readers know when, where and why your story takes place. Yet the exposition in a novel or short story is also an opportunity to entice, amuse, alarm and surprise your reader, foregrounding engaging themes and voices. Read on for a definition of exposition in fiction, plus examples taken from fantasy, historical fiction, speculative fiction and other genres:
How do you write multiple points of view in a novel? More importantly why have multiple viewpoint narrators in your novel? Read on for 8 tips on writing books with multiple narrators, with practical POV examples from Barbara Kingsolver and others and a POV exercise by Ursula K. Le Guin:
Narration and viewpoint are two complex but important aspects of writing craft. Showing your reader the world through your characters’ eyes builds immersion. Learn how to write deep POV with a definition, plus tips and examples that illustrate why this is an effective option for bringing readers closer to your characters:
Suspense in books is essential if you want to keep reader’s rapt with anticipation, whatever your genre. How can you give readers that tightrope-walking feeling? Try these 6 suspense builders:
Building a memorable narrator’s voice is challenging. Try these 5 methods to fill your narrator with personality:
The different points of view – first, second and third person POV – each offer creative ways to convey your characters’ voices and personas. Read 5 tips with illustrative examples from novels: